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History of the Harley Davidson FXR

It would be fair to say that Harley Davidson is the bike that all bikes aspire to be when they grow up. Harleys are big, beefy, powerful, and command a mighty presence on the road. They’re also very distinct and stand out amongst other bikes that are available in the market.

If you’re a Harley fan, you know that these bikes have a set style and status quo. The Harley Davidson FXR was a challenge to that status quo and therefore a very distinctive bike in itself. Today, it’s considered one of the best Harleys out there.

How is the FXR Different?

The FXR is considered one of the best Harleys on the road, but this wasn’t always the case. In fact, when it was first launched in 1982, people seemed to consider it too Japanese. To die-hard Harley fans, it felt too much like riding a Honda or a Yamaha. The fact was that the FXR was designed to challenge the foreign bikes that were slowly gaining a significant market share.

The foreign bikes were sportier, rode better, and offered better ride comfort. In comparison, most Harleys were rumbling beasts that would carry on for miles but didn’t offer similarly efficient handling.

The FXR changed that. It offered a better, steady riding experience and delivered great handling. It was a better bike but riding it wasn’t a quintessential Harley experience. This was Harley looking towards the future and evolving. Overall, the FXR was their first step towards delivering better bikes.

The History of the FXR

Before the FXR came out, the Harleys were good looking. But they also tried their best to jostle you out of your seat. The aim of the FXR was to combine the looks and performance of the Harley V-Twin without compromising its handling.

That’s one of the reasons why this Harley is often considered the engineer’s bike. The company was working on the FLT when they realized that they needed to design a bike for the newer audience. However, they didn’t really have the money or the time to start building the FXR from scratch. Their only option was to build the bike with a new frame and the same drive train as the FLT.

They already knew what their goal was. They wanted a sportier bike that would attract people that had stayed away from traditional Harleys. Of course, sportier bikes by Harley’s definition were slightly different than the normal sports bikes. You could call FXRs cruisers. They’re meant to offer comfortable rides across long distances.

The Design Team

There is no doubt about the fact that the FXR is considered an engineer’s bike. This is because the design team was very adamant about creating a bike with a more universal appeal. This took the company in a very different direction. Before the FXR, the designers clung to the traditional chassis and drive train combination because that’s what they had always known. It was their signature, after all. The designers wanted to incorporate all that they loved about foreign bikes but still maintain the quintessential Harley feel.

The people behind this vision were the Team FXR. The team was lead by Steve Pertsch and included Bill Brown, Rit Booth, Erik Buell, Bob LeRoy, and several others.

There were several stops and starts before they could get a fix on the design. There was a potent influence of a very young and enthusiastic design team involved in the design process. Eric Buell was actually a road racer. Needless to say, he and his team mates knew just what they wanted from the bike.

The Early Bikes

The first of the FXRs were released in 1981 and were called the ’82 models. There were two bikes that were released:

  • FXR Super Glide II had laced wheels
  • FXRS with a two-tone paint and cast wheels

Realizing the potential of the FXR, they immediately started to build on the platform. In the years that followed, Harley released several distinctive bikes under the FXR banner. These were:

  • ’83 FXRT Sport Glide
  • FXRP Police Model
  • ’84 FXRS Low Glide
  • 1985 FXRC Low Glide Custom
  • 1986 FXRD Sport Glide Deluxe
  • FXLR Low Rider Custom in 1987
  • 1988 FXRS Low Rider and FXRS-SP Sports Model

By the time the company ventured into 1990, it had deviated considerably from its original intention of bringing a sports Harley to market. This caused the sales to drop and the die-hard FXR fans to turn away in disappointment. Soon after that, Harley shifted focus to Dyna and placed the FXR on the shelf for a while.

But in 1999, the beloved bike was back in action. The FXR was launched once again as a part of the Custom Vehicle Operations program introduced by Harley. Only a limited number of the new FXR2 and FXR3 were released. The bike’s reign came to the real end in 2000 with FXR4.

The Engineering on the FXR

We’ve stated repeatedly that the FXR is a sportier model, that’s primarily because of its frame. Take a look at how it was engineered:

  • This new frame was stiff and solid, with plenty of ground clearance, and gorgeous lean angles.
  • Riders especially appreciated the ground clearance when they took fast turns. The frame was triangular with welded stamped-steel parts.
  • Most of these Harleys were hand assembled which really amped up the price-tag on these wheels.
  • The first bikes came with a 3.8 gallon Fat Bob tank with the fuel cap and gauge incorporated into the console.
  • The battery and the oil tank were underneath the superbly comfortable seat. The bikes also had triple disk brakes on their Dunlop tires.
  • In all, the complete package was meant for maneuverability and easier handling. The bike was more compact than the Big Twins but offers a better riding experience.
  • The 80ci Shovelhead engine was rubber mounted and had five-speed transmission. The rear shock-absorbers were set back in the swingarm to balance the bike out.

Even though the FXR is no longer in production, it’s still one of the most loved Harleys. Collectors and Harley enthusiasts scour the market to get their hands on FXRs. Needless to say, the bike has attained a die-hard following.

photo courtesy of Bryan Croteau (LaneSpliter Co.)

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  1. History of the Harley Davidson FXR — Deadbeat Customs Blog | Rainmagic's Blog

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